Post-Processing Workflow

While workflows are very much a personalised thing there are still some things you should take into consideration in order not to fall into bad habits.

The basic workflow goes like this:

1. RAW Processing

Load your photo into a RAW Processor (eg. Camera RAW, Lightroom, Aperture, Capture One, etc)
Note that these programs are already laid out in such a manner as to improve workflow. As a rule of thumb you should work through the settings from top to bottom.

See also:
The Power of RAW Processing
Why Shoot in Raw

Once you’ve fine-tuned your picture and you’re contempt, you’re ready to open the picture in Photoshop (or your graphical image editing software of choice).

2. Image alterations

The next step is to create all the image alterations you need. Create a copy of the original layer and go to town! You don’t want to have several layers with fine masks to end up worthless because you decide to do a perspective correction or move some aspects of the image.

Note: With Image alteration I mean any action that will alter the image’s pixels.

This includes the following:
Perspective corrections,
Moving pixels,
Detail corrections such as sharpening,
Spot-removals and cloning

As large amount of these actions you will have applied during RAW processing though. Whenever possible choose the non-destructive way. Adjustment layers and masks are your best friend! 

See also: Adjustment Layers, Masks and Why to Use Them

Only when you’re 100% sure you won’t be doing any other drastic changes to the image’s pixels should you continue with the next step:

3. Color adjustments

Now you start color correcting the image using adjustment layers.

Photo filters,
Selective color adjustments,
Color balance,
Vibrance and/or Saturation

4. Image contrast

Contrast,
Curves,
Levels

5. Composition

One of the last steps is composition. Keep in mind The Rule of Thirds as it generally does provide good results.

6. Output

Depending on what media you want to display your photo on (be it print or screen) you will need to take into consideration the color space and format. If you’re printing you also need to take care in the previous step to make sure it’s the correct aspect ratio and size. Photoshop’s Crop Tool has handy aspect ratio settings for this.

Generally if you are going to publish on the web you will want to convert the color space into sRGB, otherwise you will find that all the colors look washed out and plain wrong.

See also: Color Spaces Explained

 

 

 

 

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